Annotation of magazine number 9, September, 2016

12:49 25.11.2016

MULTILATERAL DIPLOMACY

Orlov A. An attack on universalism in the international relations

Universalism should be understood not only in the context of scale of coverage of the international cooperation domains, but first of all viewing participation of all countries with accorded recognition in international organizations regardless of regimes, ideological and political preferences and state system.

Biryukov АBRICS: from technological asymmetry to leveling and break in the context of a multipolar world

Ten years have passed since the moment when the Russian party initiated an international project BRICS in 2006. The firs three years of this period were dedicated to analysis, detailing of basic ideas of the project, probing of its participants’ reaction and for preparative organizational measures.  There were seven summits held, since 2009, on the territory of the countries united by this abbreviation. Thesesummitsbecamethebasicinstitutionalmechanism.

Energy security

Shafranik Y. The fight for oil markets

There are visible changes in the energy world occurring during the last six-eight years. Though oil remains the main energy commodity, one have to consider renewable sources of energy and extraction of shale oil that turned possible due to advanced oil and gas extraction technologies existing in the USA under respected economic conditions created there.

Kassaev E. “Gazprom” in Europe: outmarketing the competitors

Russian gas sold abroad constantly competes with pipeline and liquefied stuff from a number of other suppliers. TheUSAaregoingtoexportliquefiedgastoAsiaandEurope. Australia with its big CNG projects for close prospect plans to throw into international markets some sizable amount of  energy carriers and take the leading place  driving out Qatar which has been firmly carrying the palm amongst two dozens CNG exporters for a succession of years. f

Politics

Russia – Slovakia: a candid dialogue

The first Russian and Slovak discussion forum promoted by the Foundation of Public Diplomacy Support Alexander M. Gorchakov together with the Slovak Association  of Foreign Policy under the auspices of the Russian embassy in Slovakia and the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Slovak Republic took place on the 26-th of May, 2016 in Bratislava.

Olenchenko V. Russia and the Baltic States: contours of the concept of bilateral relations

You need some clarifications wishing to examine the Baltic States from the Russian point of view. Thus avoiding extremities would be appropriate - in particular, you’d better exclude scornful attitudes to the Baltic States without exaggeration of their importance at the same time. You should take into account that they had been an integral part of Russia during a considerable period of their history, and their today’s potential is, in all senses, just a result of use of the possibilities granted by Russia. According to all this it would be correct to accept an attitude towards the Baltic States as a rather small, but invariably integral part of the Russian foreign policy.

Lebedeva О. Cultural diplomacy as a tool of the Russian foreign policy at the present stage

Dissemination of national cultural heritage in foreign countries, promotion of studying national language, expansion of cultural exchange are one of the most important priorities of state and an integral part of its foreign politic strategy. All this is undoubtedly fair with the respect to the cultural diplomacy of the Federation of Russia in the modern period.

TarassovК. Russian and American attitudes in the sphere of nuclear nonproliferation

The subject of prohibiting proliferation of nuclear weapons is traditionally attended with a great care in the agenda of security issues. It is at large extent due to apprehension that an increase of number of states possessing nuclear weapons could lead to a considerable lowering of the threshold of their use and, as a result, - to a disastrous effect on the contemporary civilization.

Dolgov К. About Pope Francis statements

It’s time to build together a new Europe turning not just around economy, but sanctity of human personality and its essential values, a Europe that would bravely accept its past and look ahead with confidence. This will be a Europe aspiring to Heaven and supreme ideals, caring and protecting interests of each individual, a Europe that would turn into a real reference point for the whole mankind .

TRENDS

Shakhalilov Sh. The world order: problems of transformation

The situation of today is singular with Russia showing the way of creation of a new order for the first time avoiding wars that accompanied any change like this in the past. This problem could be solved observing the following binding condition: pretenders to the status of new centers of force should possess a military might enough to make the dominating force and influence center of the world to resist the temptation to prevent the birth of a competitor by coersive methods.    

Gadjiev КMetamorphosis of conflicts and wars in the contemporary world

The creations of a new world order goes on not in an atmosphere of inspiration with a worldwide triumph of democracy, but under the conditions  of instability and indetermination, new forms of conflicts, wars and terror brought into the contemporary world on the wings of science, high technology and progress.   

Podolko Е. Global strategy to fight corruption: new trends and priorities

The first international summit dedicated to fighting corruption that took place on the 12-th of May, 2016 in London for the first time united state leaders, business and civil society wishing to work out an action-oriented program with the purpose of fighting corruption.

HALLMARKS OF THE HISTORY

Ylishev-Vvedensky A. Nine days of one year. On the occasion of the 60-th anniversary of the I. Hatoyama’s visit to Moscow and signing of the Joint Declaration of the USSR and Japan

According to Japanese tradition the 60-th anniversary is a special date in human life marking the end of the first life cycle and the beginning of a new one. Following this logic, Russian and Japanese relations begin a new life.

Nazemtseva ЕInternational legal problems of emigration, return migration and repatriation of Russians from China in 1945-1949

International legal problems of refugees are turned especially urgent today. In this connection issues of the legal status of representatives of emigrant communities resulting from such phenomenon as Russian Abroad coming into existence in the first half of the 20-th century have acquired a special importance. 

The Chief Directorate for the Diplomatic Corps of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia

An enviable New Year!

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